FAQ

Consulting

What is a B2 Adjustment?

If you think you have made an error in the accounting information, and we have not made a re-determination, you are required to correct the information within 90 days after you discover the error where the change is revenue neutral or you owe us money. If due to time lines, you were not able to submit your Certificate or Origin at the time of accounting, you can also submit an adjustment to Customs.  If a change in the accounting information results in a refund of duties or taxes paid to us, an application for a refund can be filed in most cases up to four years from the date the goods were accounted for. When the self-adjustment results in additional duties owing, you must pay this amount and the applicable interest. For self-adjustments which reduce the amount of duties payable, we will refund the customs duties and the applicable goods and services tax credit or rebate will be made. Contact the Near North Consulting at consulting@nearnorthcustoms.com.

What is Drawback?

Drawback programs allow eligible claimants to receive a full or partial drawback of duties paid on items which, in some cases, you import to manufacture goods you will later export. Drawbacks are also available for qualified goods you use for specified purposes and that are consumed in Canada; Consumable and Expendable Goods, Equivalence, Scrap or Waste. For more information on drawbacks, see the Memoranda D7-4-2.  Contact the Near North Consulting at consulting@nearnorthcustoms.com.  

What is a NAFTA?

A new survey of trade specialists from multi-national corporations found that 70% of companies are not fully utilizing foreign trade agreements (FTAs), which means they are likely paying more than necessary in tariffs and duties. We use certificates of origin to support the tariff treatment you claim on Form B3. The tariff treatment is linked to several trade agreements which may benefit you, since they offer lower duty rates. Once you establish the tariff treatment and tariff classification of the goods, you can determine the customs duty rate that applies. For more information on the rules of origin and tariff treatments, contact the Near North Consulting at consulting@nearnorthcustoms.com.

How do you fill out a NAFTA?

How can you determine in advance what duties you will have to pay on your shipment? Before your shipment arrives, we can assist you in determining the duties you will have to pay on the goods. It is important that you have a thorough description of the goods and know their value and origin. We can also give you advice about the appropriate valuation method, tariff classification, and tariff treatment. You can also request a National Customs Ruling on tariff classification or valuation. We provide services to step you through the Certificate of Origins/ Trade Agreements.   For more information on these services, contact the Near North Consulting Team at consulting@nearnorthcustoms.com.

Customer Service

What is a Customs Broker?

Customs Brokers are licensed by the CBSA to carry out customs-related responsibilities on behalf of importers. A brokers responsibilities include but aren't limited too:

  • Obtaining the release of imported goods
  • Paying applicable customs duty and tax
  • Obtain, prepare and submit necessary supporting documentation and data
What are the advantages to using a Customs Broker?

Canadian Customs rules and regulations are ever-changing and expanding to suit the global trade industry. Utilizing a customs broker ensures a compliant and smooth release process for your goods, and maximizes potential savings through the application of free trade agreements and other cost saving mechanisms.

I'm returning to Canada after living abroad, do I require a customs broker to clear my personal effects?

No, personal effects can be accounted for directly with Canada Customs through a "Personal Effects Accounting Document" on arrival to the first Canadian port of entry.